Fungi Photos Group P
Phlebopus marginatus to Podoscypha petalodes
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, "Giant Bolete", (Gk: phlobos = vein, pous = foot) probably Australia's largest fungus, is mycorrhizal with eucalypts, growing singly or in groups, any time after rain. Widespread and common. Cap to more than 600 mm, expanding to almost flat, yellowish-brown, with touches of green sometimes; felty to warty with cracks on ageing. Pores deep and moderately coarse, orangey-greenish yellow, brown on ageing; spore print yellowish-brown. Pores do not meet stem, leaving a little space. Stem fat, bulging near base, dingy yellow-brown. Fruiting body often riddled with insect larvae. Found here, NZ, Sri Lanka, Indonesia. Wikipedia ref ANBG ref Morwell NP ref Rawson, Gippsland, from football ground, 2003. 46 kB
Pholiota communis (?), a common wood-rotting fungus, grows in clumps in forests and woodlands on leaf and woody litter; also on mulch and woodchips. Unique to Australia (?). Cap to 75 mm, viscid when moist, tan to brown, fibrillose scales, lighter near margin; flattening with age, yellow veil remnants sometimes on margin. Gills close, greenish-yellow ageing to brown; spore print dull brown. Stem slender, pale brown, with darker brown fibrils/scales towards enlarged base; maybe traces of veil as a zone of yellowish fibrillose tissue. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2005. 47 kB
, found in North America and Australia, is a wood-rotting fungus found in clusters on rotting stumps, buried wood, forest litter, woodchips, etc. Caps to 60 mm, conic, then convex to flatter with an umbo, viscid when moist, yellow to yellow-orange, orange, orange-buff. Gills creamy yellow then brownish, close; spore print chocolate brown. Stem sturdy, colour same as cap, but lighter, fibrillose; fibrillose ring remnants only when young. Wikipedia ref Rogers Mushrooms ref Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2008. 32 kB
Pholiota malicola - see previous. Rawson, 2003. 57 kB
Pholiota malicola - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2008. 37 kB
Pholiota malicola - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2008. 35 kB
(Latin: squarrosus = turned-out scales) is a scaly wood-rotting fungus found usually in clumps on the ground associated with buried wood and debris. Found here and in NZ, at least. Cap to 75 mm, brownish-cream to tan, scaly from fibrillose clusters, often with veil remnants attached to the wavy margin; convex to flat and umbonate. Gills close, cream turning brown; spore print dull brown. Stem slender, with prominent fibrillose scales, especially downwards from the very slight veilar remnants (which are often not obvious), less scaly up to cap. Morwell NP ref NZ Landcare ref Melba Gully, Otway Ranges, 2008. 41 kB
Pholiota squarrosipes - see previous. Melba Gully, Otway Ranges, 2008. 32 kB
is an uncommon Australian fungus related genetically to the boletes, even though they have gills, probably mycorrhizally associated with eucalypts. Caps to 200 mm, deeply convex at first, finally flattening out unevenly; yellow-brown on top, with thick flesh. Gills broad, mod. close, yellow to greenish yellow, bruising greenish-bluish-brown. Stem stout, brownish, tapering down, no ring; stem flesh bruises greenish-bluish-brown as well. NOTE: Phylloporus rhodoxanthus is similar, but has a reddish-brown to yellowish cap, often with forked gills with cross-veins. Mushroom Observer ref Sydney Fungal Studies ref Eco Tourism track, Sanatorium Picnic Ground, Mt Macedon, 2010.
Phylloporus clelandii - see previous. Eco Tourism track, Sanatorium Picnic Ground, Mt Macedon, 2010.
"Dung Cannon" is a worldwide group of fungi species associated with rotting herbivore dung, distinctive as having a "ballistic" spore dispersal method. They develop as a transparent stalk with a transparent globular structure featuring a distended fluid-filled sac with a black spore packet (sporangium) located at the top. When the distended sac finally bursts, it ejects the sporangium a considerable distance away, from a few cm to up to 2 metres. Interestingly, the transparent sac of fluid acts as a lens, focussing sunlight into a sensitive region inside its base at the top of the short stalk. Meanwhile the structure moves to follow the sun so that the spore-packet is ultimately ejected towards the sun away from the dung. It can be regarded as a primitive eye. The sporangium lands on foliage, to be eaten by a grazing animal, which ultimately excretes it, thus completing the cycle. MykoWeb ref Sydney Fungal Studies pilobolus lens diagrams Mortimer reserve, Bunyip State Forest, June, 2010.
Pilobolus species - see previous. Mortimer reserve, Bunyip State Forest, June, 2010.
Pilobolus species - see previous. Mortimer reserve, Bunyip State Forest, June, 2010.
, "Curry Punk", is a common Australian wood-rotting fungus commonly found on logs, often burnt ones. The bright orange shelves grow to 200 mm long, 120 mm radius, with bright orange pigments and a persistent curry odour. The top is dull orange, often radially zoned, and there are fairly deep, coarse, bright orange pores underneath. Interestingly, the spore print is white. NB: As you see, the fungus has incorporated nearby plant material as it grows, because the tissues grow in an engulfing fashion. Ganoderma and Pycnoporus brackets do this, too. Morwell NP ref ABRS ref - click on image therein for larger image. Mason's Falls, Kinglake National Park, 2007. 56 kB
Piptoporus australiensis - see previous. This is the underneath view of the previous specimen. Mason's Falls, Kinglake National Park, 2007. 60 kB
Piptoporus australiensis - see previous. Underneath view of quite an old specimen. Big Pats Creek, near Warburton, 2006. 58 kB
Piptoporus australiensis - see previous. Close-up image of the pores of the previous specimen. Big Pat's Creek, near Warburton, 2006. 91 kB
, "Horse Dung Fungus" is a common brown puff-ball, mycorrhizal with at least Eucalyptus species. They are very common, widespread, and often favour gravel and the edges of roads. They even come up through bitumen! They grow singly or in clumps, 80 mm or so across, to as high as 200 mm, as globes or pear shapes. They are pale to dark mottled brown in colour, breaking down with weather to a mass of brown powdery spores and other tissue. Inside the skin, there is a dark mass of small (4 mm across) pea-like spore-bearing bodies called peridioles. Hence the name Pisolithus (Gk: piso = pea-shape; lithos = stone).NB: The species names here are under revision. The name P. tinctorius was first applied, but it is only Northern Hemisphere - the name comes from its ability to give brown colours in dyeing. Then P. arhizus was used instead of P. tinctorius, but now it's thought that in Australia we mainly have P. albus, (spore-mass ochraceous to olive-brown), and P. marmoratus (spore-mass brown to dark-brown); other than spore mass colour they can only be distinguished microscopically. [Latin: albus = white; marmorum = marble] Mushroom Expert ref Tom Volk's ref Grampians, 2006. 66 kB
Pisolithus albus - see previous. Showing the puff-ball in a broken down spore-dispersal mode, having thrust through the bitumen. Grampians, 2006. 84 kB
Pisolithus albus - see previous. Showing the puff-ball breaking through the gravel. This is quite common. Grampians, 2006. 74 kB
Pisolithus albus - see previous. Cut in half to show the internal pea-like peridioles inside which the powdery spores develop. Grampians, 2006. 80 kB
is a wood-rotting fungus common in wet forest on fallen or more often, standing, rotting branches and twigs in Australia, NZ, South America and Western USA. Native to Australia, not introduced. Cap translucent white to pinkish-brown shades, slimy, kidney-shaped, to 60 mm wide, with a jelly-like layer under the skin. Gills close, white to pale yellow-cream, pinker with age; decurrent, running slightly down the stubby lateral stem; spore print white. Stem stubby (5mm long), same colour as gills, joined to substrate by a pad of white mycelium. Previously called Panellus longinqua. NZ Landcare ref Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2005. 45 kB
Pleurotopsis longinqua - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2005. 78 kB
Pleurotopsis longinqua - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2007. 34 kB
Pleurotopsis longinqua - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2005. 52 kB
Pleurotopsis longinqua - see previous. Myrtle Loop Walk, The Beeches, Marysville, 2005. kB
is a gregarious wood-rotting fungus in wet forests of SE Australia and NZ. Caps to 100 mm long, 80 mm across, smooth, dark olive to purple olive. Gills close, pale grey, decurrent right down short, lateral stem. Kaimi Bush ref NZ Landcare ref Hidden Forest ref Mortimer Picnic Ground, Bunyip State Forest, May, 2010.
Pleurotus purpureo-olivaceus - see previous. Mortimer Picnic Ground, Bunyip State Forest, May, 2010.
has dark to almost black margins
on the pale pink gills (Gk: ater = black). Like all Pluteus it is a pink-spored wood-rotting fungus found on rotting wood, singly or in small groups, common world-wide. Large cap to 90 mm, convex to almost flat, shallow umbo, with dark grey radial fibrils; sooty brown when young, lighter with ageing. Gills white to pale pink with dark edges, close; spore print pink. Stem sturdy, off-white overlaid with dark brown fibrils, slightly bulbous base. Mycoweb ref BioLib ref Melba Gully, Otway Ranges, 2008.
Pluteus atromarginatus - see previous. Melba Gully, Otway Ranges, 2008. 29 kB
, is a pink-spored wood-rotting fungus found world-wide, singly and in groups on rotting wood or buried forest debris - even on sawdust or mulch. Cap to 100 mm, convex then flattening to undulate, slightly viscid, velvety, covered with fine dark radial fibrils or scales. Gills close, off-white, becoming pale pink; spore print salmon-pink. Stem sturdy, off-white, brown fibrils, slight bulge at base. Wikipedia ref MycoWeb ref Morwell NP ref Doctor's Creek walking track, Reefton, 2008. 43 kB
Pluteus lutescens [see NB below]
is a common wood-rotting fungus, singly or in groups, on rotting wood, found world-wide. It has a distinctive slender, yellow stem (Latin: luteo = saffron yellow), and is overall quite fragile. Cap to 40 mm, matt to granulose surface, pale yellow-brown. Gills very pale buff becoming dusted pink, not touching stem; spore print pink. Stem slender, pale to medium light yellow, with small white hairs; white mycelium at base. NB: All of these images are now considered to represent an as yet uncharacterized species temporarily called Pluteus sp. "yellow", notably with a light yellow cap, with a lighter margin. The differences are apparent under a microscope. Mushroom Expert ref Doctor's Creek walking track, Reefton, 2008. 26 kB
Pluteus lutescens - see previous. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2005. 30 kB
Pluteus lutescens - see previous. Doctor's Creek walking track, Reefton, 2007. 43 kB
"Rosette Fungus", is a widespread and common wood-rotting fungus, on dead wood or buried wood, often in debris at the base of trees. It is found in quite a few other parts of the world, called "Wine Glass Fungus", and "Ruffled Paper Fungus". It occurs rarely singly, but usually as bunched, funnel-shaped rosettes of thin, tough, leathery tissue; it is a basidiomycete. The upper surface of the structure is to 40 mm across, 80 mm high (from the base of the hidden stem), colours from pale golden brown to chestnut brown, with marked radial zones; the edge is usually thinner and much paler; the surface is shiny, wrinkled and lobed, and there is often a split on one side. Underneath is the fertile surface (the hymenium), much duller in colour, grey when fertile, pallid brown when infertile. Stem to 10 mm, colour as hymenium, some stems often fusing together. Morwell NP ref Hidden Forest NZ ref Wikimedia ref Mt Drummer Rainforest Walk, near Cann River, 2009. 45 kB
Podoscypha petalodes - see previous. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2007. 59 kB
Podoscypha petalodes - see previous. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2005. 64 kB
Podoscypha petalodes - see previous. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2007. 62 kB
Podoscypha petalodes - see previous. Ned's Gully, Cathedral Range, 2007. 43 kB
Podoscypha petalodes - see previous. Baldry Crossing, Green's Bush, 2008. 40 kB